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HSG

Between 25 to 35 percent of female infertility is caused by tubal factors (Tubal-factor infertility) Scar tissue or adhesions from previous pelvic infections, surgery, endometriosis or hydrosalpinx can block eggs from traveling freely through the fallopian tubes, making it very difficult or impossible to get pregnant. If your doctor suspects that a blockage in your fallopian tubes could be a factor in your case, they may recommend that you undergo a test called a hysterosalpingogram, or HSG.

An HSG test is also sometimes used for women who have suffered repeated pregnancy loss: it may be able to show structural problems in the uterus or issues such as polyps or fibroids that could make it difficult to carry a baby to term.

HSG is usually done between day 5-10 of your cycle. This is to ensure that you are not pregnant when the HSG is performed. If you have irregular cycles or are not sure whether you are ovulating, your doctor will perform a pregnancy test before the HSG.

HSG is a day care procedure Some women find that cramping and spotting continues throughout the day. Feelings of dizziness or nausea are also possible.

Hystero salpingography (uterosalpingography) is a radiological procedure to know shape of uterine cavity and shape (womb), patency of fallopian tubes (structures that transport eggs from the ovaries to the uterus). A contrast material is used which passed through catheter in to your reproductive system. The radiologist can able to see if you have a blockage in your fallopian tubes or other structural abnormalities in your uterus. It is not only investigation, but also useful as treatment. Because it opens mild blockade of fallopian tubes, and many women conceive after this test.